Pest control, also known as rodent control or rat extermination, is a branch of pest control aimed at eliminating and preventing rodent infestations. Some features associated with deratization:

Types of rodents:

  • Rats: The two most common rat species encountered in pest control are the Norway rat (Rattus norvegicus) and the black rat (Rattus rattus). These rodents can cause significant property damage and pose a health hazard by contaminating food and spreading disease.
  • Mice: Mice, like the house mouse (Mus musculus), are also subject to pest control. They are smaller in size than rats, but can still cause harm and spread disease.

Behavior and habits:

  • Nesting and Reproduction: Rats and mice reproduce quickly. They build nests in hidden places such as attics, basements or cavities using materials such as paper, fabric and insulating material.
  • Gnawing: Rodents have a strong desire to chew to keep their incisors under control. They can damage structures, electrical wires, pipes and other materials in buildings.
  • Activity period: Rats and mice prefer to be active mainly at night. However, if conditions permit, they can also purchase food to feed them throughout the day. They are highly adaptable and can utilize a variety of food sources and habitats.


  • Inspection: The first step in rodent control is to thoroughly inspect the building to identify rodent entry points, nests, burrows, and signs of damage. This helps in developing an effective control strategy.
  • Sealing entry points and sealing building entrances are critical to preventing rodent entry. This may include filling voids, repairing cracks, installing door latches, or using special screens on vents and openings.
  • Trap: Traps are commonly used to catch or kill rats and mice. There are different types of traps, including mechanical traps, live traps, and sticky traps. Trapping can be especially effective in areas where rodenticide use is limited or discouraged.
  • Rodenticides: Chemical baits are used to kill rodents. They are designed to attract rats or mice, resulting in poisoning. Rodenticides should be handled and applied carefully to minimize risks to non-target animals and people.
  • Sanitation and cleanliness. Removing food and water sources, proper waste management, and maintaining cleanliness can help reduce rodent attraction and infestation.

Professional experience:

  • Extermination may require the use of professional pest control operators experienced in rodent control. They can use appropriate methods and techniques to effectively eradicate a rodent infestation, taking safety and environmental factors into account.

When carrying out destruction, it is important to prioritize safety and follow local regulations. Regular monitoring, ongoing maintenance and preventive measures are essential to ensure long-term rodent control and prevent future infestations.