Disinsection is a procedure aimed at exterminating insects that can harm the health of humans, domestic animals, plants and materials. This can be done by chemical or physical methods.

Chemical pest control methods may include the use of insecticides that kill insects or repellents that repel insects. Physical pest control methods may involve using heat or cold to kill the insects.

Disinsection is carried out at both residential and commercial facilities, including warehouses, industrial premises, medical institutions, food industry enterprises, etc. Pest control helps protect human health, maintain food quality, improve hygiene and reduce damage caused by insects.

Pest control is a term used to describe pest control techniques aimed at eliminating and preventing insect infestations. These methods are used to control various types of insects that may pose a threat to human health or cause property damage. Some common methods and features of disinfestation in pest control:

Chemical control:

  • Insecticides: Chemical insecticides are widely used in pest control to control and kill insects. They are available in various forms such as sprays, powders, feeds or fumigants. Insecticides can target specific insects or have a broader spectrum of action against a range of pests.
  • Spraying: This method involves applying insecticides to surfaces or areas that insects may come into contact with. The residual effect of insecticides kills insects that land on treated surfaces, providing long-term control.
  • Aerosol spray. Aerosol spraying, also known as fogging, involves the use of specialized equipment to spray insecticides in fine droplets or aerosols indoors. Effective for controlling flying insects such as mosquitoes or flies, indoors or outdoors.

Physical control:

  • Mechanical Traps: Mechanical traps are used to physically capture and kill insects. Depending on the target insect species, they can be designed as sticky traps, pheromone traps or light traps. Mechanical traps are often used for monitoring purposes in integrated pest management (IPM) programs.
  • Heat treatment. This method uses controlled high temperatures to kill insects and their eggs. This method is commonly used to control bed bugs or to disinfect infested items such as furniture or clothing in heating chambers.

Biological control:

  • Natural Enemies: Biological control uses natural enemies such as beneficial insects, birds or pathogens to suppress pest populations. This approach involves introducing or maintaining natural predators or parasites that feed on or infect the target insects. It can provide sustainable and environmentally friendly pest control.
  • Insect growth regulators: These are chemicals that inhibit the normal growth and development of insects. They can disrupt oviposition, reproduction or metamorphosis of insects.


  • Targeted approach: Various pest control methods target specific pests or groups of insects based on their behavior, habitat, or life cycle. Understanding the characteristics of the target insect is critical to selecting the most appropriate method.
  • Efficacy: The effectiveness of pest control methods can vary depending on the insect species, the level of infestation, and the specific method used. Integrated approaches that combine several methods often produce better results.
  • Safety Considerations: When using chemical insecticides, precautions must be taken to protect human health and the environment. It is important to follow the correct methods of use, dosage and instructions.